Generic Albenza is a medication of high quality, which is taken in treatment of certain tapeworm infections. Generic Albenza is acting by killing sensitive parasites. It is an anthelmintic.
Other names for this medication:
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Also known as: Albendazole.
The target of Generic Albenza is struggle against certain tapeworm infections. Generic Albenza is acting by killing sensitive parasites. It is an anthelmintic.
Generic name of Generic Albenza is Albendazole.
Albenza is also known as Albendazol, Albex, Alminth, Helmidazole, Eskazole, Zentel.
Brand name of Generic Albenza is Albenza.
If you have trouble swallowing the tablet whole, it may be crushed or chewed with a little water.
Take Generic Albenza tablets orally with food.
Take Generic Albenza at the same time with water.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Albenza suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Albenza and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Albenza are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Albenza if you are allergic to Generic Albenza components.
Try to be careful with Generic Albenza if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Albenza can harm your baby.
Generic Albenza may rarely lower the ability of your body to fight infection.
You must use an effective form of birth control while you take Generic Albenza and for at least 1 month after you stop taking it. .
Generic Albenza should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 1 year old.
Avoid alcohol if you want to achieve most effective results.
It can be dangerous to stop Generic Albenza taking suddenly.
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Because of the superiority of albendazole + ivermectin against both lymphatic filariasis and trichuriasis, this combination appears to be a suitable tool for the integrated or combined control of both public health problems.
A definitive diagnosis of gnathostomiasis was rendered in 6 of 55 reviewed cases. Histopathological or gross identification of the nematode's larva was made obtaining a biopsy specimen of papules or pseudofuruncles that developed after oral antiparasitic treatment.
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Cystic hydatid disease is a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It may affect any organ and tissue in the body, in particular the liver and Lung. Musculoskeletal or soft tissue hydatidosis accounts for about 0,5%-5% of all echinococcal infections in endemic areas and is almost secondary to the hepatic or pulmonary disease (Karaman et al., 2011; Dirican et al., 2008; Kouskos et al., 2007). Case Presentation. We report an unusual case of primary subcutaneous hydatidosis in the left supraclavicular region of the neck. A 53-year-old female patient was admitted with three-month history of pain and gradually growing mass located in the left supraclavicular region. Physical examination revealed a moderately hard, painful, and erythematous mass. The blood cell count was normal. Computed tomography demonstrated, a multilocular cystic lesion with thin borders and thin wall. The mass is binocular and extends to the scapula. CT showed no involvement of the lung. From these signs, the patient was diagnosed as having abscess (bacterial infection or tuberculosis). The diagnosis of Echinococcus granulosus infection was made per operatively after visualization of the cyst wall and the daughter cysts. Following irrigation of cystic cavity with hypertonic saline solution, the cyst wall was excised along with a portion of surrounding tissue. Histopathological examination of the specimen confirmed the hydatid origin. Hemagglutination tests for Echinococcus and ELISA were negative. Ultrasound of the abdomen was normal. The patient received albendazole (400 mg/day) for 8 weeks postoperatively. No sign of recurrence could be detected by physical examination and imaging (CT) at 4-month followup. Conclusion. The case illustrates that echinococcal disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of every cystic mass in every anatomic location, especially when it occurs in endemic areas.
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a complex, chronic and neglected disease with a worldwide distribution. The liver is the most frequent location of parasitic cysts. In humans, its clinical spectrum ranges from asymptomatic infection to severe, potentially fatal disease. Four approaches exist in the clinical management of CE: surgery, percutaneous techniques and drug treatment for active cysts, and the "watch and wait" approach for inactive cysts. Allocation of patients to these treatments should be based on cyst stage, size and location, available clinical expertise, and comorbidities. However, clinical decision algorithms, efficacy, relapse rates, and costs have never been properly evaluated. This paper reviews recent advances in classification and diagnosis and the currently available evidence for clinical decision-making in cystic echinococcosis of the liver.
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Neurocysticercosis is a common cause of acquired seizure disorder in developing countries, including India. The role of antiparasitic (albendazole) therapy for seizure control and resolution of lesions is still controversial due to a lack of adequately controlled studies. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the role of albendazole therapy for neurocysticercosis patients with two or more lesions to achieve seizure-free status and resolution of lesions. This was a randomised controlled study in which patients suffering from neurocysticercosis were prospectively followed up for more than 5 years (from January 1997 to January 2005). Patients were divided into two groups: patients in group A (n=150) were treated with a combination of tapered doses of dexamethasone and albendazole, plus antiepileptic drugs; patients in group B (n=150) were treated with antiepileptic drugs plus a placebo control. Patients were followed up every month for the first 6 months and then at 3-month intervals thereafter up to 5 years. Variables of interest were (i) recurrence of seizures; (ii) encephalopathy (headache/vomiting/altered sensorium); (iii) need for subsequent hospital admission; (iv) death; (v) resolution of lesions on follow-up CT. During the first 6 months and at intervals thereafter, increased seizure frequency and hospital readmissions, and increased incidence of encephalopathy were observed in group A (p=0.01), and two patients in this group died with intractable seizures and encephalopathy. A greater proportion of lesions completely resolved in group B (p=0.05), whereas a greater proportion of lesions calcified in group A (p=0.05). Albendazole plus antiepileptic drugs did not have greater beneficial effects than antiepileptic drugs alone, but may have an adverse effect with respect to seizure control, encephalopathy, recurrent hospital admissions, calcification of lesions and cost of treatment.
In order to evaluate the biotransformation of compounds 2 and 3 to ABZ and/or ABZ-sulphoxide (ABZ-SO), plasma samples taken from mice treated with the prodrugs were analyzed by HPLC. Also, the anthelmintic activity of compounds 2 and 3 against Trichinella spiralis was evaluated in the mice experimentally infected with the parasite.
The mean (+/-SD) hospital stay was 4.2+/-1.5 days in the drainage group and 12.7+/-6.5 days in the surgery group (P<0.001). Over a mean follow-up period of 17 months, the mean cyst diameter decreased from 8.0+/-3.0 to 1.4+/-3.5 cm (P<0.001) after percutaneous drainage and from 9.1+/-3.0 to 0.9+/-1.8 cm (P<0.001) after surgery. The final cyst diameter did not differ significantly between the two groups (P=0.20). The cysts disappeared in 22 patients (88 percent) in the drainage group and in 18 (72 percent) in the surgery group (P=0.29). After an initial rise, the echinococcal-antibody titers fell progressively and at the last follow-up were negative (<1:160) in 19 patients (76 percent) in the drainage group and 17 (68 percent) in the surgery group (P=0.74). There were procedure-related complications in 8 patients (32 percent) in the drainage group and 21 (84 percent) in the surgery group, 17 of whom had fever postoperatively (P<0.001).
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Naturally occurring human immunity to both schistosomiasis and hookworm infection has been associated with IgE responses against parasite allergen-like proteins. Since the two helminths frequently coinfect the same individuals, there is growing advocacy for their concurrent treatment. However, both helminths are known to exert strong immunomodulatory effects; therefore, coinfected individuals could have immune responses different from those characteristically seen in monoinfected individuals. In this study, we measured changes in IgE, IgG1, and IgG4 responses to schistosome and hookworm antigens, including the allergen-like proteins Schistosoma mansoni tegumental-allergen-like 1 protein (SmTAL1), SmTAL2, and Necator americanus Ancylostoma-secreted protein-2 (Na-ASP-2), following concurrent treatment of schoolchildren coinfected with Schistosoma mansoni and hookworm. Antibody responses to schistosome egg (soluble egg antigen and SmTAL2) or somatic adult hookworm (AHW) antigens either decreased after treatment or were unchanged, whereas those to schistosome worm antigens (soluble worm antigen and SmTAL1) increased. The observed different effects of treatment likely reflect the different modes of drug action and sites of infection for these two helminths. Importantly, there was no evidence that the simultaneous treatment of coinfected children with praziquantel and albendazole affected schistosome- and hookworm-specific humoral responses differently from those characteristic of populations in which only one organism is endemic; schistosome- and hookworm-specific responses were not associated, and there was no evidence for cross-regulation. Posttreatment increases in the levels of IgE to schistosome worm antigens were associated with lower Schistosoma mansoni reinfection intensity, while no associations between humoral responses to AHW antigen and protection from hookworm reinfection were observed in this sample of school-aged children.
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The phytoconstituent analysis revealed presence of alkaloids, carbohydrate, glycoside, flavonoid, saponin, gum, diterpenes, phenol, protein, and tannin. The crude extract exhibited significant anthelmintic property comparing with the standard. The methanolic extract revealed broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity at the concentration of 400 µg/disc. The results were compared with that of the standard ciprofloxacin. The extract exhibited moderate amount of total phenolic compound (54.67±1.18 mg/gm of gallic acid equivalent).
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Hydatid cyst of the pancreas is very rare and usually presents with obstructive jaundice. We report a case of a 7-year-old girl with cyst of the pancreas without any obstructive jaundice. The child was treated surgically and hydatid cyst of pancreas was found. Partial pericystectomy was performed. After 1 month on follow-up, the child developed pseudocyst of pancreas, which needed cystogastrostomy. Postoperatively, the child improved and is remaining well after 3 months of follow-up. Hydatid cysts of pancreas are very difficult to diagnose preoperatively and should be kept as a differential diagnosis of cystic intrapancreatic lesions. Serological tests can help in early diagnosis.
The established L1 motility assay provided accurate and reproducible drug effect data in vitro. IC50 values for oxantel pamoate, levamisole and nitazoxanide were 0.05, 1.75 and 4.43 μg/mL, respectively. Mebendazole and ivermectin failed to show any trichuricidal effect on L1. No correlation was found between data from the four fluorescent markers and the comparative motility assay.
Control of Fasciola hepatica infection in livestock is based on annual treatment using flukicides such as triclabendazole, albendazole and closantel. However, triclabendazole resistant F. hepatica populations are emerging worldwide and resistance is emerging to albendazole, whereas it has until now never been described for closantel. In Sweden, a topical formulation containing a combination of closantel and ivermectin (Closamectin Pour On) has been registered for use in cattle only since 2011. This study evaluated the efficacy of closantel against F. hepatica in naturally infected beef cattle using both coproantigen and faecal egg count reduction tests. Faecal egg counts (FEC) and coproantigen ELISA examinations were conducted in February 2014 in three beef cattle herds (A, B, C) in south-western Sweden. On each farm, 10 F. hepatica coproantigen-positive and F. hepatica egg-positive animals were allocated after 12-16 weeks of housing into groups and treated topically with a minimum of 20 mg closantel per kg body weight. Faecal samples were collected from selected animals on 0, 7 and 21 day post-treatment (PT). Based on FEC, closantel efficacy 21 days PT was 72% (95% CI: 65-77%) and 97% (95% CI: 95-98%) on farms A and B, respectively. No FEC reduction at all was observed on farm C. In total, 4, 1 and 6 animals remained coproantigen-positive at 21 days PT on farms A, B and C, respectively. Closantel treatment failure was confirmed on two of the farms. As the animals were housed 12-16 weeks before treatment and thereafter during the entire study, failure due to the presence of juvenile flukes was excluded. Although the cause of closantel failure currently remains unclear, development of resistance or/and absorption failure of topical administration should be considered. To our knowledge, this is the first report of closantel treatment failure against F. hepatica in cattle.
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Hydatid cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis of every abdominal intraparietal cystic mass, especially in regions where the disease is endemic. The best treatment is the total excision of the cyst preserving an intact wall (complete cystectomy). Otherwise, removing the proligerous membrane with partial pericyst's resection (partial pericystectomy) and drainage should be considered.
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Strongyloides stercoralis is an uncommon infection in Saudi Arabia. It can establish latency and cause an autoinfection in humans that lasts for years. The infection can get reactivated during immunosuppression and can result in a life-threatening Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome. We present three cases of renal transplant recipients who developed Strongyloides infection following transplantation. A bronchoalveolar lavage specimen, a duodenal biopsy and/or a stool specimen from these patients revealed evidence of S. stercoralis larvae. The first two patients received kidneys from the same deceased donor, a native of Bangladesh, an area that is highly endemic for S. stercoralis. The data suggest that the first two cases might be donor derived. High-risk donors and recipients should be screened for Strongyloides infection to initiate treatment before transplantation thus reducing morbidity and mortality.
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The study comprised 59 patients in two groups who had undergone radical and conservative surgical procedures for liver hydatid disease in our department between 2004 and 2009. Preoperative diagnostic tools, medical treatments, demographic and clinical characteristics, postoperative follow-up, and recurrence were compared in both groups.
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A 27-year-old Thai male presented with progressive visual loss and a membrane-like floater in the right eye that had persisted for 1 month. He had a history of eating raw foods, including snails. His initial visual acuity was counting fingers at 1 ft and he had a relative afferent pupillary defect. A movable larva with subretinal tracks was found in the subretinal space near a normal optic disc. Visually evoked potentials showed delayed latency, which indicated secondary retrobulbar optic neuritis. A diode laser was directly applied to the motile worm. The patient was subsequently prescribed oral prednisolone and albendazole. After treatment, his visual acuity was slightly improved at 2/60. Ocular manifestation is a very rare event resulting from parasitic infection. In only 1.1% of angiostrongyliasis cases is an Angiostrongylus cantonensis larva identified in the eye. Ocular angiostrongyliasis with optic neuritis may be secondary to mechanical injury and/or inflammatory reactions. Steroid treatment is recommended, although most patients have only slight visual improvement after treatment.
Tetrathyridia of Mesocestoides corti were cultured in vitro in a diphasic medium consisting of a liquid medium (CMRL Sigma) and a thixotropic nutrient gel (Oxoid). Tests demonstrated that a 50% medium/gel mixture produced optimum conditions for the survival and development of tetrathyridia. Established anthelminthic drugs were inoculated into the gel which demonstrated that this system can be used for preliminary anthelminthic drug screening. The development and survival of the tetrathyridia were influenced by the addition of pepsin, trypsin and liver peptone to the culture media. The development and maturation of proglottids were observed in addition to asexual reproduction by the process of budding. Tetrathyridia maintained in vitro and reinfected into both mouse and rat hosts retained their viability.
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