cardura 4 mg tablets
The outcome measures for this report are systolic and diastolic blood pressure, the proportion of participants achieving blood pressure control (<140/90 mm Hg), and the number of drugs required to achieve control in all three groups combined.
cardura generic price
Fifty-seven patients complaining of LUTS secondary to BPH were enrolled in this clinical trial. Patients were randomly assigned to receive doxazosin 4 mg or doxazosin 4 mg plus tenoxicam 20 mg treatment. Patients were evaluated for BPH according to the European Association of Urology and American Urological Association clinical guidelines. In addition, patients were assessed with Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF). Patients were reevaluated after a 6-week treatment course. The International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS), IPSS-Quality of Life (IPSS-QoL), maximal urinary flow rates (Q(max)), and average urinary flow rates (AFR) were determined at baseline and again at 6 weeks as efficacy parameters.
cardura 12 mg
Our data indicate that compared with doxazosin, chlorthalidone yields essentially equal risk of CHD death/nonfatal MI but significantly reduces the risk of combined CVD events, particularly CHF, in high-risk hypertensive patients.
cardura xl max dose
The prescription of inappropriate medications in the elderly is high. This is important because they are a cause of adverse reactions, which leads to a significant proportion of hospital admissions. The inclusion of warnings in the program of assisted prescribing and distributing of newsletters about these to the personnel involved, improves the quality of health care and minimises medication-related problems.
cardura 5 mg xl
Doxazosin induces the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes via the ER pathway, with increased production of C/EBP beta, GADD153 and DOC-1. Likewise it increases phosphorylation of the GADD153 activator p38 MAPK and induces first the phosphorylation, and then the cleavage, of FAK. These effects are not mediated by alpha 1-adrenoreceptors.
cardura 8 mg medication
The effects of doxazosin, a long-acting alpha-1 adrenoreceptor blocking drug, were observed upon blood pressure and serum lipoproteins. Thirty patients with supine diastolic blood pressure between 90 and 114 mm Hg during single-blind placebo therapy were randomized to double-blind treatment with either doxazosin or further placebo in a parallel-design protocol. Starting at one mg, dosage was doubled every 2 weeks during a 10-week treatment period to a maximum dose of 16 mg once daily. Blood was sampled in the fasting state before and during double-blind therapy for measurement of total cholesterol and triglycerides, cholesterol in the lipoprotein fractions, and apolipoproteins A and B. At the end of 10 weeks of titration, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were each reduced by 14 mm Hg in the standing position when measured 24 hours following the previous dose. Supine pressure was lowered by 6 mm Hg systolic and by 5 mm Hg diastolic at the same time point. Measured hourly for 12 hours following the ingestion of doxazosin, blood pressure was lowered maximally at 4-5 hours when an additional decline of 14/6 mm Hg (systolic/diastolic) was observed in the standing position and 13/6 in the supine posture. Postural dizziness, the most frequent symptomatic complaint, was reported in 4 patients during doxazosin treatment. After brief interruption of treatment in one and dosage adjustment in another, titration was continued in all four and no patient was withdrawn because of side effects. Concerning lipoproteins, the ratio of total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol and of LDL to HDL cholesterol both improved during treatment with doxazosin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
cardura 300 mg
During tumor progression, EphA2 receptor can gain ligand-independent pro-oncogenic functions due to Akt activation and reduced ephrin-A ligand engagement. The effects can be reversed by ligand stimulation, which triggers the intrinsic tumor suppressive signaling pathways of EphA2 including inhibition of PI3/Akt and Ras/ERK pathways. These observations argue for development of small molecule agonists for EphA2 as potential tumor intervention agents. Through virtual screening and cell-based assays, we report here the identification and characterization of doxazosin as a novel small molecule agonist for EphA2 and EphA4, but not for other Eph receptors tested. NMR studies revealed extensive contacts of doxazosin with EphA2/A4, recapitulating both hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions recently found in the EphA2/ephrin-A1 complex. Clinically used as an α1-adrenoreceptor antagonist (Cardura®) for treating hypertension and benign prostate hyperplasia, doxazosin activated EphA2 independent of α1-adrenoreceptor. Similar to ephrin-A1, doxazosin inhibited Akt and ERK kinase activities in an EphA2-dependent manner. Treatment with doxazosin triggered EphA2 receptor internalization, and suppressed haptotactic and chemotactic migration of prostate cancer, breast cancer, and glioma cells. Moreover, in an orthotopic xenograft model, doxazosin reduced distal metastasis of human prostate cancer cells and prolonged survival in recipient mice. To our knowledge, doxazosin is the first small molecule agonist of a receptor tyrosine kinase that is capable of inhibiting malignant behaviors in vitro and in vivo.
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is a rate-limiting factor for high-density lipoprotein (HDL) biogenesis. The ABCA1 gene expression is known to be upregulated by various transcriptional factors. However, negative regulation factors would be better targets for pharmacological modulation of HDL biogenesis. Doxazosin, an alpha(1)-adrenoceptor blocker, increased ABCA1 mRNA, its protein, and apolipoprotein A-I-mediated HDL biogenesis in THP-1 macrophages and CHO-K1 cells, independent of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor blockade. Analysis of the human ABCA1 promoter indicated that the region between the positions -368 and -147 that contains an activator protein (AP)2-binding site responsible for the effects of doxazosin. Overexpression of AP2alpha inhibited ABCA1 transcription in a dose-dependent fashion. Mutation in the AP2-binding site caused increase of the basal promoter activity and cancelling both the transactivation by doxazosin and the trans-repression by AP2alpha. Doxazosin had no effect on ABCA1 mRNA level in HepG2 cells, which lack endogenous AP2alpha, and it reversed the inhibitory effect of AP2alpha expression in this type of cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and gel shift assays revealed that doxazosin reduced specific binding of AP2alpha to the ABCA1 promoter, as it suppressed phosphorylation of AP2alpha. Finally, doxazosin increased ABCA1 expression and plasma HDL in mice. We thus concluded that AP2alpha negatively regulates the ABCA1 gene transcription. Doxazosin inhibits AP2alpha activity independent of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor blockade and increases the ABCA1 expression and HDL biogenesis. AP2alpha is a potent pharmacological target for the increase of HDL.
cardura general dosage
Paracetamol (3.5 mmol kg(-1)) was administered to male CD-1 mice, with and without alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists (prazosin, doxazosin, terazosin and tamsulosin; 35.7 micromol kg(-1)). Serum transaminases and hepatic glutathione (GSH) levels were assessed as markers of hepatic damage. Paracetamol bioactivation was assessed by covalent binding, hepatic and urinary conjugate formation and uridine glucuronosyltransferase activity. Plasma catecholamines levels and hepatic congestion were also analysed.
cardura 4 mg prezzo
We retrospectively reviewed 88 consecutive patients undergone LA for lesions of adrenal glands from 2003 to 2013. The first 30 operations were considered part of the learning curve. Doxazosin was preoperatively administered in case of pheochromocytoma (PCC), while spironolactone and potassium were employed to treat Conn's disease. Perioperative cardiovascular status modifications and surgical and medium- and long-term results were analyzed.
cardura side effects medication
An independent review of source documentation showed a high degree of agreement with the HF diagnoses assigned by site physicians and confirmed the higher risk of HF associated with first-step therapy using amlodipine, lisinopril, or doxazosin compared with chlorthalidone. Thiazide-type diuretics should be the preferred first-step therapy for prevention of HF in high-risk patients with hypertension.
cardura xl drug
To assess the urodynamic changes in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of bladder outlet obstruction treated with doxazosin and to correlate these changes with voiding symptoms.
cardura 2 mg dosage
The occurrence of IFIS has to be expected with a variety of concurrent medications. The number of IFIS cases and the percentage of females in this series are higher compared to previous reports. The observations might be due to a rising awareness of surgeons or to an increasing number of causative medications on the market.
cardura maximum dose
Hemodynamic (HD) instability still underlies difficulties during pheochromocytoma resection. Little is known about HD instability in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2-related pheochromocytoma. Our aim was to assess differences in HD during pheochromocytoma resection between MEN2 and non-MEN patients. In addition, we sought to identify risk factors for intraoperative HD instability.
cardura 20 mg
The study has shown that IPSS is a valuable tool in management of patients with BPH.
cardura 4 mg use
Doxazosin is a new quinazoline derivative that, like prazosin, has selectivity for alpha 1-receptors. A three-way crossover, randomized, open study in 18 patients with essential hypertension was conducted to investigate the clinical pharmacokinetics of 2, 4, and 8 mg doxazosin at steady state. The pharmacokinetics of the initial 2 mg dose was also studied. Doxazosin showed linear pharmacokinetics. Increases in doses from 2 to 8 mg (steady state) produced proportional increases in doxazosin serum levels (maximum plasma drug concentration [Cmax] minimum plasma drug concentration [C min], and O-24-hour area under the curve [AUC(p-24)], whereas half-life (t1/2) (19.4, 18.7, and 19.7 hours, respectively), volume of distribution (3.4, 3.4, and 3.6 L/kg, respectively), clearance from serum (2.2, 2.2, and 2.1 ml/min/kg, respectively), and degree of protein binding (1.2%, 1.0%, and 1.0% unbound, respectively) were dose independent. Similar t1/2 and time to reach peak concentration (tmax) were obtained with 2 mg initial dose and 2 mg steady state. alpha 1-Acid glycoprotein levels were unchanged during doxazosin treatment. Doxazosin lowered supine and standing systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The blood pressure reduction was associated with an increase in heart rate. Peak hypotensive and tachycardic effects occurred 5.7 +/- 0.1 hours after administration, whereas Cmax was achieved at 2.4 +/- 0.7 hours (tmax). Greater decreases in systolic blood pressure and increases in heart rate were seen in standing than in supine position. The reduction in standing systolic and diastolic blood pressure with 8 mg was greater than with 2 mg (P less than 0.05); however, the increases in heart rate were not different. Dizziness, headaches, and dry mouth were the most frequent side effects. This study indicates that doxazosin shows linear pharmacokinetics between 2 and 8 mg and that because of its long t1/2, once-a-day administration should be adequate for the treatment of hypertension.
cardura bph dosage
Safety data were collated from seven completed multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies of doxazosin in the treatment of BPH in older patients and analyzed according to age group (< 65 and > or = 65 years) and blood pressure status.
cardura tablets 4mg
The aim was to analyse the influence of coronary postjunctional alpha 1 and alpha 2 adrenergic vasoconstriction in hypoperfused myocardium with special emphasis on transmural distribution of blood flow.
cardura 4mg tab
We treated 17 children 3 to 15 years old with documented poor bladder emptying of various etiologies, including dysfunctional voiding, the Hinman syndrome, the lazy bladder syndrome, posterior urethral valves, myelomeningocele and the prune-belly syndrome, using the alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, doxazosin. The initial dose of 0.5 to 1.0 mg. nightly was increased according to patient response and as tolerated. Patients were followed weekly to monthly by symptomatic history, and urine flow and/or post-void residual urine volume measurement. Two patients with neurogenic bladder were also followed with cystometrography and leak point pressure determination.
cardura drug class
These data demonstrate that blood pressure may be controlled in two thirds of a multiethnic hypertensive population in diverse practice settings. Systolic blood pressure is more difficult to control than diastolic blood pressure, and at least two antihypertensive medications are required for most patients to achieve blood pressure control. It is likely that the majority of people with hypertension could achieve a blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg with the antihypertensive medications available today.